Measurement of the hydraulic properties of chalk using centrifuge permeameter

Al-Jaf, Peshawa and Smith, Martin and Gunzel, Friederike (2022) Measurement of the hydraulic properties of chalk using centrifuge permeameter. [Data Collection]

Project Description

Use of a geotechnical centrifuge for the determination of the unsaturated zone hydraulic properties of chalk. In this study, a geotechnical centrifuge has been used to study the unsaturated hydraulic properties of rock samples from the chalk aquifer, south east England. This method allows rapid measurement of hydraulic properties in a controlled environment, in contrast to previous studies on the chalk unsaturated zone which required either an extended period (years) of data monitoring in the field, or extended experimental periods (weeks) in the laboratory. Three types of specially built sensors were used to monitor water flow through chalk samples: a water pressure transducer to measure matric potential, frequency domain reflectometry probes to measure the volumetric water content, and pressure transducers to measure the volume of water passing through the sample. Chalk samples were tested during wetting and draining processes in order to understand any hysteresis occurring during periodic recharge of the aquifer. Before undertaking physical tests of chalk samples in the centrifuge, a theoretical model of chalk hydraulic behaviour under centrifugal force was developed. This model was used to define and justify the instrumentation plan of the physical model and predict the shape of the soil moisture characteristic (SMC) curve and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (Ku) function. The results were then evaluated and compared to the experimental results. These results show that chalk samples can be successfully tested under centrifuge conditions and hydraulic properties can be measured, including soil moisture characteristic curves and hydraulic conductivity.

Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogeology; Unsaturated; Permeability; Matric potential; Chalk aquifer.
Subjects: F Physical sciences > F610 Applied geology
F Physical sciences > F644 Hydrogeology
H Engineering > H200 Civil engineering
H Engineering > H220 Environmental engineering
Departments: School of Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Martin Smith
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 09:30
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2022 09:31
Researchers (inc. External):


Full Dataset


Actions (Log-in required)

Preview Item Preview Item